Making of a bonsai
bonsai making is a time consuming work, but is not too difficult to practice. It also required experience, which you can only gain by practicing this art. There are also many books available in the market about bonsai, which will help you to be perfect.
Choice of Bonsai Plants
Bonsai on display
the suitable plants for bonsai should be as such, that its trunk will remind you of its age, branches grow all around freely and leaves are small but dense. Commonly used plants for training it into a Bonsai are Ficus, Figs, Cedar, Elm, Jade Plant, Trident Maple, Star Magnolia, Azaleas, Wisteria, Zelkova Serrata, African Baobab, Cotton Easter, Bougainvillea, Adenium etc. But it is possible to practice this art on virtually every plant. Sources for the plant procurement could be picking up from the crevice of a rocky mountain, or an old house wreck, or any place that you find a dwarfed tree which does not get the support of mother nature and being kept dwarf naturally. Other than that, seeds, cuttings and potted plants are also used to make a bonsai. Grafted plants are also suitable for bonsai. Special pots for bonsai are available in the market. Or else buy a clay pot of 4 inches height and 6 inches radius with at least three hole for drainage.. Fit your bonsai inside. You may have to prune roots to plant in that pot. Do not cut the root axially, instead cut it little angularly.
Soil and Feed for Bonsai
a wrong idea about bonsai is that, you can make a bonsai by giving less feed to the plant. Though by restricting their natural growth is the only way to make a bonsai, you have to feed them continuously respective its growth. The soil for bonsai should be as such that, it will not be soggy by holding extra water. You can prepare that type of soil by mixing 3 parts of half-burnt clay, 3 parts of leaf mould with two parts of coarse sand. Mix one handful of vermicompost or organic compost with it, and your soil is ready to plant. Do not give excess feed in bonsai. A spoonful of 20-20-20 fertilizer twice in a month should be given in growing season. Also you can make a liquid feed by mixing cow manure or mustard extract with water. Keep this mixture, at least for seven days before feeding. With two liters of this liquid feed, mix 10 grams of super-phosphate and 5 grams of sulphate of potash. Do not give this feed in its resting period. Bonsai should not be planted in oversized pot. Therefore its reach the pot-bound condition quickly. So bonsai should be re-potted once in a year. Pruning of root should be done that time. While re-potting, plant it little higher than before, so that, after some time you will get visible roots, which will enhance the beauty.
Training of a bonsai
training of a bonsai normally means the procedure to help it reach the desired shape. Pruning of branches and roots, cutting of leaf or removing totally, bending of branches, etc. comes under training. You have to decide first, which will be the front side of the bonsai. Do not allow any branches to grow in that direction. It will obstruct viewing. Pruning of branches should be done immediately after repotting. After pruning bend it to your choice by twisting a copper wire over it. Remove leaves, after it reaches its full size. New leaves will arrive later, which will be smaller in size. In case of bigger leaves, cut the outer halves. After some days, this old leaf will fall and smaller leaves will appear. Removing of leaves should not be done more than thrice in a year.
keep your bonsai in such a place that it will get sufficient light through-out the day. Do not keep your bonsai in direct sunlight. Also do not expose it in heavy rain, though light drizzles are all right.