Dieffenbachias are very popular & hardy shade loving plants, commonly grown in pots for indoor decoration & also in shade and semi-shade in gardens of warm humid regions. It has the common name Dumb Cane because of the poisonous nature of their sap,
which causes intense pain and swelling of the tongue, if it is taken internally. The leaves of this fleshy plant are oval-oblong, gradually tapering towards the apex, arising from the central stem and spotted, striped or speckled with white or yellow, fifteen to forty cm or so in length. They grow in any type of well drained soil but organic matter certainly helps to make the leaves more attractive. The plant can be propagated by suckers from the base, by top cuttings or by planting of stem node pieces with a good bud on it. A large number of plantlets are also produced through micro propagation. This plant has got a natural tendency to be lanky and top heavy. In that case cut the stem from where you have new buds or eyes. New shoots will start from that point. Do not discard the top part, put it in a potting mix and keep it moist. new root will start after a few days, and will get one more plant. This plant is not disease prone. Sometimes they can be infested by mites. Treat them as you do for other plants.
Dieffenbachia Amoena Calcutta
It is a sport of D. Amoena, large & thick stemmed. Leaves large, arching, lamina predominantly yellow-white with irregular green spot, margin branded green.
The scientific name is Dieffenbachia Amoena. It has compact growth, leaves leathery, glossy deep green, highly variegated form, center with cream & green, border deep green.
It's scientific name is Dieffenbachia Exotica. It has compact growth, freely branched. Its leaves are small, ovate, pointed apex, predominantly creamy yellow, border green.
It is a fairly large hardy plant with glossy green leaves, oval with chordate base, blotched or marbled with white pale green.
An outstanding and attractive variety, came from Dieffenbachia Maculata It has many ovate leaves and leaf size is smaller compared to others. Young leaves are yellowish cream and border light green. Dark green color in older leaves and yellow center beomes smaller.